# Data Interpretation Questions and Answers Using Shortcuts for SBI PO 2017

### 1. Study the following graph carefully to answer these Questions

1.1) The total production by five companies in 1998 is what percent of the total production

by companies B & D in 1996?

(a) 100%

(b) 150%

(c) 95%**(d) 200%**

Solution: Required Percentage = [(35 + 40 + 45 + 35 + 35 )/ (45 +50) ] * 100

= [190/95]*100

= 200%.

1.2) What is the ratio between average production by company B in 3 years to the average production by company C in three years?

(a) 6:7**(b) 8:7**

(c) 7:8

(d) 7:6

Solution: Average production of B : Average production of C.

(45+ 35+ 40)/ 3 : (25 + 35 + 45)/3

40 : 35.

1.3) For which of the following companies the rise or fall in production of fertilizer from 1996 to 1997 was the maximum?

(a) A

(b) B**(c) C**

(d) D.

We can answer this question by just observing the chart. (C).

1.4) What is the percent drop in production by company D from 1996 to 1998?**(a) 30%**

(b) 43%

(c) 50%

(d) 35%

Solution: Required percentage: (50-35)/ 50 * 100 = 30%.

1.5) The average production for three years was the maximum for which of the following companies?

(a) D only

(b) E only

(c) B & D both

(d) D & E both.

Answer: For this question, No need to calculate the values. we can decide by visual observation.**2. Study the following graph carefully to answer the questions that follow.**

2.1) Sales in the year 2001 for company A forms what percent of total sales of company A for all the years together? (rounded off to two decimal points).**(a) 19.64.**

(b) 18.30

(c) 22.46

(d) 24.19

Sol.: Required Percentage = (1100 * 100)/ 5600 = 19.64.

2.2) Which of the following combinations of year and percentage rise in sales from the previous year for Company A is correct?

(Percentage rounded off to two decimal points)

(a) 2000 – 99.85**(b) 2001 – 83.33**

(c) 1998 – 43.21

(d) 2003 – 7.68

Sol.: (b).

2.3) Total sales of company B for the years 1997, 1998 and 2001 together is what percent of the total sales of company A is correct?

( Percentage rounded off to two decimal points)

(a) 24.37

(b) 35.64**(c) 28.81**

(d) 37.29

Sol.: The required percentage = [ (700 + 400 + 600)/5900] * 100 = 1700/59 = 28.81

2.4) What is the ratio of total sales of Company A to the total sales of company B over the years?

(a) 26: 29

(b) 27 : 31

(c) 53: 51**(d) 56: 59**

Sol.: 5600: 5900 = 56: 59

2.5) During which year was percentage rise/fall in sales from the previous year the highest for company A?**(a) 1999**

(b) 2001

(c) 1998

(d) 2000

Ans. : (a). It is obvious from observing the graph.

**3. Study the following chart to answer the questions given below:**

Villages | % Population below poverty line |

A | 45 |

B | 52 |

C | 38 |

D | 58 |

E | 46 |

F | 49 |

G | 51 |

3.1) In 1996, the population of villages A, as well as B, is increased by 10% from the year 1995. If the population of village A in 1995 was 5000 and the percentage of population below poverty line in 1996 remains same as in 1995. Find approximately the population of village B below the poverty line in 1996.

(a) 4000

(b) 45000

(c) 2500**(d) 3500**

Solution: Population of Village B in 1995 = 5000 * (16/13) = 6150.

Population of village B in 1996 = 6150 * (110/100) = 6750

Population below poverty line = 52% of 6750 = 3500(aprox)

3.2) If in 1997 the population of village D is increased by 10% and the population of Village G is reduced by 5% from 1995 and the population of Village G in 1995 was 9000. What is the total population of villages D and G in 1997?**(a) 19770**

(b) 19200

(c) 18770

(d) 19870

**Ans.:** Population of village D in 1995 = 9000 (17/15 ) = 10,200.

Population of village D in 1997 = 10,200 (110/100) = 11220

Population of village G in 1997 = 9000 * 95/100 = 8550.

Total population of village D and G in 1997 = 11220 + 8550 = 19770.

3.3) If in 1995 the population of 7 villages together was 55000 approximately , what will be a population of village F in that year below the poverty line?

(a) 3000

(b) 2500

(C) 4000**(d) 3500**

**Solution:** Population of village F below poverty line = 55000 * 13/100 * 49/100 = 3500.

3.4) If the population of village C below the poverty line in 1995 was 1520, what was the population of village F in 1995?

(a) 4000

(b) 6000**(c) 6500**

(d) 4800

**Solution:** Population of village F in 1995 = 1520 * 100/38 * 13/8 = 6500.

3.5) The population of village C is 2000 in 1995. What will be the ratio of the population of Village C below the poverty line to that of the village E below the poverty line in that year?

(a) 207: 76**(b) 76: 207**

(c) 152: 207

(d) Data Inadequate.

Solution: 2000 * (38/100) : 2000/8 * 18 * (46/100)

= 760 : 2070

= 76 : 207

**4. Study the given graph below and answer the questions given below the chart.**

4.1) What is the average number of children pursuing painting classes from all the states together?

**(a) 19375**

(b) 17395

(c) 19725

(d) 18385

Ans.: ( 15 + 12.5 + 32.5 + 17.5)/4 = 77.5 *1000/4 = 19375.

4.2) The children pursuing singing classes in state A are what percent of the total number of children pursuing all the three classes from the state?

(a) 30

(b) 35**(c) 40**

(d) 45

Ans.: [Children in State A (singing) / Total Children in State A (all classes)]* 100 = 25/62.5 *100 = 40

4.3) What is the difference between the total number of children pursuing dancing and the total number of children pursuing painting from all states together?**(A) 20000**

(b) 15000

(c) 10000

(d) 25000

**Solution:** 97.5 – 77.5 = 20 i.e 20 thousand.

4.4) What is the respective ratio of the number of children pursuing dancing from state B to the number of children pursuing dancing from state D?

(a) 7:9

(b) 11:9

(c) 11:7**(d) 9:11**

**Solution:** 22.5 :27.5 = 9:11

4.5) What is the average number of children pursuing singing, dancing, and painting from state C?

(a) 28859**(b) 29167**

(c) 29216

(d) 28765

**Sol.:** Average number of children State C = (30 +25+ 32.5)/3

= (87.5/3) * 1000**= 29167.**

**5. Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions given below it.**

Maximum Marks | |||||

Physics | Chemistry | English | History | Geography | Hindi |

200 | 200 | 200 | 150 | 150 | 150 |

5.1) Marks obtained by student B in Hindi was what percentage of the marks obtained by student B in Physics?

(a) 25

(b) 150

(c) 125**(d) 115.38**

**Solution:** Required Percentage = (150/130) * 100

= 115.38%

**5.2) Approximately what was the average percentage of marks obtained by** A in** all the subjects?****(A) 70**

(b) 60

(c) 80

(d) 85

**Answer:**

Percentage of marks in English = (70/200) *100 = 35

Percentage of marks in Geography = (110/150) * 100 = 73.

Percentage of marks in Physics = (120/200) * 100 = 60.

Percentage of marks in History = (140/150) * 100 = 93.

Percentage of marks in Hindi = (120/150) * 100 = 80.

Percentage of marks in Chemistry = (160/200) * 100 = 80.

Average % percent of marks = 421/6 =** 70.**

5.3) Approximately what was the average marks obtained by B in Geography, history, and Hindi?

(a) 120

(b) 80

(c) 140

(d) 110

**Solution:** Marks obtained by B in Geography, History, and Hindi

= 100 + 110 +150 = 360/3 = 120.

5.4) In how many subjects did student B obtain more than 70 percentage of marks?

(a) 1

(b) 2**(c) 3**

(d) 4

5.5) What was the difference in the percentage of marks between A and B in History?

(a) 30

(b) 25

(c) 45

(D)** 20****Solution:** Difference of % of marks between A and B in History = [(140-110)/150]*100=**20%**